Ultrasound Scans by Specialty

  • Ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blocks
  • Central line insertion
  • Fluid responsiveness
  • Normal cardiac structure and function
  • Pericardial effusion vs tamponade
  • Cardiac valve stenosis, insufficiency, prolapse
  • Atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, patent foramen ovale
  • Systolic and diastolic heart failure
  • Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  • Procedural guidance: pericardio- centesis, Swan-Ganz catheter
  • Normal vasculature of the neck
  • Differentiate lymph nodes, cysts, abscesses, masses
  • Focused assessment with sonography for trauma
  • Rapid ultrasound for shock and hypotension
  • Pneumothorax, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pleural effusion
  • Pulmonary contusion
  • Heart failure
  • Pericardial effusion vs tamponade
  • Differentiate abscess from cellulitis
  • Deep venous thrombosis
  • Cholecystitis, choledocolithiasis, cholelithiasis
  • Abdominal aortic aneurism
  • Urinary retention
  • Hydronephrosis
  • Procedural guidance: thoracentesis, paracentesis, lumbar puncture, pericardiocentesis, arthrocentesis, central line
  • Normal thyroid lobes
  • Differentiate thyroid nodules, cysts, masses
  • Urinary retention
  • Hydronephrosis
  • Pneumothorax, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pleural effusion
  • Abscess vs cellulitis
  • Foreign body identification
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening
  • Normal hepatobiliary anatomy and blood flow
  • Liver masses, cysts, angiomas
  • Cholecystitis, choledocolithiasis, cholelithiasis
  • Ascites Bowel obstruction
  • Rapid ultrasound for shock and hypotension, pneumothorax, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pleural effusion
  • Heart failure
  • Pericardial effusion vs tamponade
  • Inferior vena cava evaluation for fluid resuscitation Increased intracranial pressure (optic nerve sheath diameter)
  • Deep venous thrombosis
  • Procedural guidance: thoracentesis, paracentesis, lumbar puncture, pericardiocentesis, central line
  • Pneumonia, pulmonary edema, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pleural effusion
  • Heart failure
  • Abscess vs cellulitis
  • Procedural guidance: thoracentesis, paracentesis, lumbar puncture, pericardiocentesis, arthrocentesis, central line
  • Carotid intimal thickness
  • Transcranial Doppler
  • Intracranial pressure monitoring (optic nerve sheath diameter)
  • Normal intrauterine pregnancy (crown-rump length, heart rate, biparietal diameter)
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Uterine, adnexal, and ovarian masses and cysts
  • Ovarian torsion
  • Fetal anomalies
  • Normal extraocular movement and pupillary response
  • Retinal detachment
  • Vitreous hemorrhage
  • Vitreous detachment
  • Lens dislocation
  • Retrobulbar hematoma
  • Masses
  • Foreign bodies
  • Long bone fracture and post reduction
  • Shoulder dislocation and post reduction
  • Abscess vs cellulitis
  • Tendon and ligament disruption (Achilles/patellar)
  • Foreign body identification
  • Ultrasound-guided biopsies
  • Cellulitis vs abscess
  • Bladder volume before catheterization
  • Pneumonia
  • Skull fracture
  • Long bone fracture
  • Foreign body identification
  • Normal abdominal viscera and blood flow
  • Appendicitis
  • Intussusception
  • Liver masses, cysts, angiomas
  • Cholecystitis, choledocolithiasis, cholelithiasis
  • Bladder retention
  • Testicular torsion, masses, cysts
  • Hydronephrosis, hydroureter
  • Aortic abnormalities
  • Focused assessment with sonography for trauma
  • Small-bowel obstruction
  • Appendicitis
  • Pneumothorax
  • Abscess vs cellulitis
  • Acute cholecystitis
  • Increased intracranial pressure
  • Pulmonary contusion
  • Bladder retention
  • Testicular torsion, masses, cysts
  • Hydronephrosis, hydroureter
  • Procedural guidance: prostate biopsy
  • Normal vs abnormal arterial and venous flow
  • Deep venous thrombosis
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26764278